Rug Glossary of Terms: P
Country in South Asia, capital – Islamabad. Rug-weaving traditions in Pakistan go back to sixteenth century. Presently, Pakistan manufactures handmade rugs exclusively for exportation. It is the fourth largest exporter of rugs in the
The use of lines that form figures and shapes on a rug. The categories of patterns are: Curvilinear, Geometric, and Pictorial.
- Persian knot
(aka Asymmetrical Knot, Senneh Knot) There are two types of major knots used in oriental rug-weaving: the Persian knot, and the Turkish knot. In the Persian (or asymmetrical) knot—used in Iran, India, Turkey, Egypt, and China—is tied
onto two warps; it can be either looped over a left warp and opened up to the right, or looped over a right warp and opened up to the left. A finer weave is created with this type of knot.
A small flower extensions or a cluster of flowers at the top and bottom of a medallion.
A design portraying people and animals.
- Pillar Rug
A Chinese rug which is made for wrapping around pillars in temples, typically long and narrow with a dragon design motif.
The nap of the rug remaining after the knotted yarns are clipped. The main pile materials are wool, silk and cotton.
- Plain Weave
A weave wherein the warp and weft are of equal tension and spacing. The warp and weft are equally visible on the surface.
- Pile Weave
Pile weave (aka knotted weave) refers to the method of weaving by creation of knots. This method is used in most rugs.
Synthetic fiber most often used in staple spun yarns.
- Primary Backing
The Backing into which the tufts are placed in tufted carpets. This backing is then strengthened with latex to hold the tufts in place.
- Programmed Rugs
Handmade rugs of popular traditional designs which are woven with the same design in different sizes. They are the considered to be same quality of rugs as the unique designs from the point of manufacturing (as the same amount of
work is involved).