Rug Glossary of Terms: M
- Machine made
Rugs woven on an electrically powered machines, now usually computer controlled.
A Southwest Asian long lasting plant. A red root of this plant was (and in some places still is) an important source of red dye.
Made by hand in a factory.
Persian for “fish,” this term refers to the Herati design which at times can resemble a fish eye design.
Determines where a rug is made.
- Mamluk Carpet
Large format rugs with complex geometric design and large medallions, woven in Cairo, Egypt from the 13th to the early 16th.
Preservation of the rug by assuring graceful aging, such as wash, vacuuming, and rotation.
A green mineral used as a source of green dye.
One of the key rug weaving centers in Iran, where production began in the late 19th century. Mashad rugs are large, double-wafted, have a red background, and are woven on a cotton foundation.
The large centerpiece of the rug, a central point of the design. Most common shapes of medallions are diamonds, octagons, and hexagons.
A particular design of the rug, wherein a medallion is quartered into the four corners of the rug, plus one full medallion in the center.
- Memling Gul
Diamond-shaped medallion surrounded with small hooks.
- Mina Khani
An allover design consisting of two or more flowers connected by a diamond lattice.
- Minor Border
One or a few narrower bands on each side of the main border are known as the minor border.
- Mir boteh
(Persian) A design of small rows of botehs throughout a field.
- Moharramatt Ghakanadaani
A pattern which consists of vertical stripes of equal width. Each stripe is different in color from the neighboring stripes and, typically has a different motif (although sometimes the motif may be repeated.) Often seem in Qum rugs.
Country in North Africa, capital – Rabat. Moroccan rugs are mostly woven for local use or sold to tourists, and have not yet reached the Western markets.
Any single form or a group of forms which together constitute an overall design of a rug.
- Mughal Carpet
Indian carpets produced in the 15th-18th centuries during the ruling of the Mughal dynasty. This period is considered the golden age of carpet production in India.
- Multi-Level Loop Pile
Yarn loops of different height which create a three-dimensional effect.